National Security Cyberspace Institute

Analysis & Capability Maturation



Analysis and Capability Maturation

By participating in various military experimentation venues, NSCI has been instrumental in maturing and validating cyberspace concepts, technologies, and processes. We assisted USSTRATCOM and USJFCOM in the development of a Cyberspace Experimentation Campaign Plan to support stand-up of the new USCYBERCOM, a Sub-Unified Command aligned under USSTRATCOM. We also drafted experimentation goals and objectives associated with solidifying understanding of cyberspace C2 and authorities. In addition, NSCI assisted USSTRATCOM in identifying a baseline of Computer Network Attack/Computer Network Exploitation (CNA/CNE) skill sets and manpower requirements.

We further assisted in identifying a process for establishing priorities for defense of critical cyberspace assets, enhancing DoD’s ability to secure, operate, and defend the Global Information Grid (GIG). Our inputs were instrumental in defining a methodology that classifies DoD networks by levels of criticality, risk, and mission impact. The issues and recommendations were briefed to the Joint Staff-led Force Support Functional Capabilities Board (FCB) and went forward to the Joint Requirements Oversight Council (JROC). This resulted in Joint Staff validation and approval of CNA/CNE baseline skill sets and personnel numbers. NSCI also assisted in conducting a baseline study of Computer Network Defense (CND) forces to complement the CNA/CNE analysis. Further, NSCI provided subject matter expertise in assessing Computer Network Defense-Response Actions (CND-RA) processes and tools, and identifying capability gaps associated with integration among Tiers 1, 2, and 3.

In addition to the research and analysis support mentioned above, NSCI provided senior personnel who facilitated discussions and promoted consensus among the Services and COCOMs during cyber-related Limited Objective Experiments (LOE) and workshops. These individuals were instrumental in presenting findings, recommendations, and advocacy briefings from the LOEs and workshops to senior DoD leadership, including the Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.

We have also assisted in development of Measures of Performance and Measures of Effectiveness for CNA and in drafting a guidebook for Intelligence Support to Cyberspace Targeting. Further, we have assisted in research and compilation of cyberspace lessons learned for entry into the Joint Lessons Learned Information System (JLLIS).

NSCI's Omaha-based team provides valuable support to USSTRATCOM's Joint Functional Component Command for Global Strike (JFCC-GS) in its role as the Functional Manager (FM) for the Integrated Strategic Planning and Analysis Network (ISPAN). Originally designed as a planning and collaboration tool for U.S. strategic nuclear forces, ISPAN has since matured into DoD's designated Program of Record for the joint contingency and crisis action planning process as defined in Joint Publication 5.0. Representing the FM in various stakeholder forums, the NSCI team provides subject matter expertise in coordinating with the combatant commands, Service components, DoD agencies, and system developers to ensure command and control, global situation awareness, planning, collaboration, and distributed operations requirements are incorporated into ISPAN's modernization program. This includes new mission areas integrating the full spectrum of kinetic and non-kinetic capabilities into strategic and theater operations – all planned via a web-enabled, net-centric collaborative environment on multiple classified and unclassified networks.

Related to ISPAN maturation have been our efforts in supporting DARPA's PAL (Personalized Assistant that Learns) and Integrated Crisis Early Warning System (ICEWS) initiatives. NSCI provides liaison support between DARPA and USSTRATCOM to ensure COCOM requirements and processes are fully understood by developers and that capability maturation priorities are clearly articulated. As a result of our efforts, initial prototypes of PAL and ICEWS have been integrated with ISPAN and are scheduled for fielding during FY12.

NSCI has performed a similar liaison role between USSTRATCOM and the Air Force Research Laboratory Information Directorate (AFRL/RI) in developing enhanced capabilities for the Integrated Battle Planning Capability (IBPC), and the National Operational Environment Model (NOEM) initiatives. Because of our assistance to these projects, developers now have a much better understanding of USSTRATCOM's requirements and processes.

NSCI has also played a role in developing the Air Force’s "Integrated Operating Environment" pilot effort to integrate air, space, and cyberspace planning, execution, and assessment. We have further assisted in developing cyberspace data calls to all COCOMs and Services, and in aggregating/analyzing data and providing recommendations to USSTRATCOM and the JROC. We will continue to support gap analysis and provide recommendations regarding improvements in areas such as people, process, and technology to address shortfalls.